Anti-tank gun. The 3.7 cm TAK 1918 was designed and built for the Imperial German Army in 1918. Designed in 1940, the weapon system was designed to be a lightweight, armor-piercing system capable of being deployed in a large number of roles. They could penetrate a tank's armor at long range, but without explosive firepower, often failed to cause catastrophic damage, kill or even seriously injure the crew, or disable the tank. The 14.5×114mm (.57 Cal) is a heavy machine gun and anti-materiel rifle cartridge used by the Soviet Union, the former Warsaw Pact, modern Russia, and other countries. The most expedient answer was to copy the British 6 Pdr. [13] The last country known to have produced a dedicated anti-tank gun was the People's Republic of China, in 1988. 155mm M3 Carriage Gun USA; Navy Guns. [1] The development of specialized anti-tank munitions and anti-tank guns was prompted by the appearance of tanks during World War I. Whilst the 3.7cm Pak 36anti-tank gun had acquitted itself very well during the Spanish Civil War, it was thought that an upgraded version was needed in order to stay ahead of the gun-armor spiral. Set my BT-7 on fire. A Boys Mk.1. [12] France did introduce an APFSDS shell for the DEFA D921 at some point in the 1980s. Costume from Band of Brothers displayed at the London Film Museum. for sale by Western States Antiques on GunsAmerica - 937833964 These emerged from the mixed results of deploying field artillery against tanks during World War I, and the need to produce a more economical weapon to destroy them. 25 SA-L mle 1937: a lengthened 77 caliber derivative designed by the APX with a much lighter 300 kg (660 lb) carriage. The development of specialized anti-tank munitions and anti-tank guns was prompted by the appearance of tanks during World War I.To destroy hostile tanks, artillerymen used field guns depressed to fire directly at their targets. Compared to American designed artillery, it had a horrendous recoil that was not popular with troops. [12] Switzerland developed a postwar 90 mm anti-tank gun of its own, the Pak 50/57, firing shells with an even lower velocity than the Mecar or DEFA guns. In consequence, during World War II, both sides were compelled to make anti-tank guns self-propelled, which greatly increased their mobility. [12] Apart from the T-12, which utilized APDS rounds, these weapons could only use HEAT shells for armor-piercing purposes. The German anti tank gun is a 7.62mm caliber at around 1200m/s. The M1 variant saw a great number of exported operators due to the Lend-Lease program, with many units being sent to France and the Soviet Union. [5] All fired high-explosive and solid armor-piercing shot effective at relatively medium range, and an increasing number were manufactured with protective gun shields in addition to a split rail mounting. The United Kingdom's only anti-tank rifle, the Boys was effective during the early stages of the war but quickly became obsolete. What they came up with was the 5cm Pak 38 with a L/60 barrel (a barrel 60 calibers in length), which met approval for production in 1939. The appearance of U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) visual information does not imply or constitute DoD endorsement. 3.7 cm Tankabwehrkanone 1918 im starrer Räder–lafette, Mortier de 220 modèle 1915/1916 Schneider, Mortier 280 mm TR de Schneider-St Chamond, Canon Court de 105 M modele 1909 Schneider, Canon Court de 105 M modèle 1919 Schneider, Mortier de 293 Danois sur affut-truck modèle 1914, 25 mm automatic air defense gun M1940 (72-K), 37 mm automatic air defense gun M1939 (61-K), Type 96 and Type 97 150 mm infantry mortar, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anti-tank_gun&oldid=991730413, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 14:58. [3] The later generation of low-recoil anti-tank weapons, which allowed projectiles the size of an artillery shell to be fired from the shoulder, was considered a far more viable option for arming infantry. 118. In the first year of the war for the US, an up dated anti-tank gun was a necessity because only the obsolete 37mm was in service. This site is first and foremost for entertainment and educational purposes. Source: Wikimedia [3], Anti-tank guns deployed during World War II were often manned by specialist infantry rather than artillery crews, and issued to light infantry units accordingly. Although under extremely heavy machine-gun fire he showed the greatest contempt of danger and continued to keep his anti-tank gun in action. Anti-tank guns are typically high-velocity guns designed to fire anti-tank shells. Member. rjsbonjr. It fires 450 to 550 12.7x99mm armor penetrating rounds per minute. [10] Anti-tank gunners began aiming at tank tracks, or vulnerable margins on the turret ring and gun mantlet, rather than testing their lighter cannon against bow and turret armor. Copyright © 2019-2021, The Havoc. Here to Part I: 88 mm Flak 18,36,37. This model seems to be overlooked when you discuss the lighter model anti-tank guns. The tapered bore design was ultimately a dead end. These emerged from the mixed results of deploying field artillery against tanks during World War I, and the need to produce a more economical weapon to destroy them. These were naval or field artillery pieces stripped from their carriages and mounted in sponsons or casemates on armored vehicles. 6" Naval Gun; 5"/51 Caliber Gun; Japanese Anti-Tank (AT) Guns. During its modernization initiative of the 1930s, the Soviet Army purchased a batch of the German Rheinmetall 37mm Anti-Tank Gun and adopted it as the Model 1930. Besides what was listed by the seller can anybody add to the information on this type of gun. Today 60- to 70-caliber barrels are not uncommon, but the latest technology has allowed shorter barrels of 55 calibers to attain muzzle velocities of 1,750 m/s (5,700 ft/s), as with the Rheinmetall 120 mm tank gun . ALL WITH ONE SHOT!!!!! During World War II, the US Army Air Corps/Air Forces and during Korea the US Air Force, experimented with .60 caliber machine guns — the cartridge was the Cartridge, .60-caliber, T17, and it was developed in 1939 for the T1 and T1E1 Anti-Tank Rifles, a project that hasn’t seen much publicity. Anti-aircraft guns can also be mounted to tanks. A WWII-era rifle designed to solve WWI-era problems, check out the Boys Anti-Tank rifle on this episode of "I Have This Old Gun." Many heavy anti-tank guns were issued, at least initially, on the divisional level but gradually made their way to individual infantry battalions. 8" Naval Gun; 6" Naval Gun; 5"/51 Caliber Gun; Japanese Anti-Tank (AT) Guns. When word of the German anti-tank shell spread, there was some debate as to if it should be copied and used as a base for the new machine gun cartridge. The Winchester-Pugsley anti-tank rifle (also known as the Model 1918 .50 caliber high-powered bolt-action swivel gun) was an American developmental anti-tank rifle. Designed in 1940, the weapon system was designed to be a lightweight, armor-piercing system capable of being deployed in a large number of roles. Rheinmetall-Borsig AG was asked to improve upon their original design. Condition: Used, As New. American Pershing tank with 90mm M3 L/51 gun from the RAC Tank Museum. It also wasn’t the first large calibre weapon deployed against tanks, as the Germans pushed trench mortars firing at a flat trajectory or field guns into an anti-tank role. [5] The anti-tank guns of the 1930s were of small caliber; nearly all major armies possessing them used 37mm ammunition, except for the British Army, which had developed the 40mm Ordnance QF 2-pounder. Anti-tank gun. Five rounds were fired for characteristics and length of trace. Anti-Tank Guns 2.8 cm Schwere Panzerbuchse 41. C&R eligible or Form 3 or 4 Read More. [3] This prompted the development of a third generation of anti-tank guns, large caliber pieces in the 57mm to 100mm range. [2] The first dedicated anti-tank artillery began appearing in the 1920s and by World War II was a common appearance in many European armies. [5], Meanwhile, the effect of very compact hollow charge warheads was being noted and a number of countries began producing man-portable anti-tank weapons utilizing this ammunition. The Lahti L-39 is a Finnish 20 mm anti-tank rifle used during the Second World War.It had excellent accuracy, penetration and range, but its size made transportation difficult. Production of the U.S. M1 anti-tank gun began in May 1941, and approximately 16,000 were made through 1945. [5] The guns were usually mounted on two-wheeled carriages so they could be towed into position, then withdrawn and repositioned rapidly. Anti Tank Gun - Download From Over 150 Million High Quality Stock Photos, Images, Vectors, Stock … The History Kid is now live! When it was first used in combat in North Africa in late 1942, soldiers learned that it was too light of a caliber for use against German tanks.… [3] A few countries, such as the Soviet Union, also manufactured foreign designs under license. The Panzerfaust (lit. The AC 47 was principally used as a defensive weapon, since its portability was intentionally limited to prevent the weapon from being turned on defending troops if a fortification was captured. It would be used with the Browning-designed .50 calibre machine gun. The Wehrmacht was always trying to stay ahead of the arms race that had developed in the 1930s. A .55 calibre anti-tank rifle may seem rather out of context on a website covering miniature calibre rifles, but there is method in our madness.. After all, our remit includes British rifles, with a particular representation of Enfield products, . British Gun Calibres- Pounds and Inches to Millimetres. During the invasion of Normandy that June, the U.S. was equipped with Mark II and III revisions of the British QF-6, with the majority of M1s positioned elsewhere on the western front. The AC 47 was a French anti-tank gun of 47mm caliber.It was principally used in the ouvrages and casemates of the Maginot Line in the late 1930s; another version was created for naval use.. The British design was first modified to American manufacturing practices and standards in order to produce the weapon for Great Britain under Lend-Lease. 1 Design 2 Ammunition 3 Trivia 4 Gallery 5 Sources 6 Related Pages The M41 LAAG is the main weapon of the M12 Warthog LRV and the M312 "Elephant" HRV (although the … It is a triple-barreled, electric-powered, linkless, belt-fed weapon. [9] The 3.7 cm Pak 36 which first appeared in 1928 was probably the first purpose built anti-tank gun. The early British Mark I tanks of 1916 used naval 57 mm QF 6 pounde… These vehicles were armed with Bren Guns and Boys Anti-Tank Rifle. [12] The Soviet Union also adopted a similar design at around the same time, the 100 mm T-12 anti-tank gun, which was smoothbore and fired fin-stabilized shells. manufacture, which have a major part to play in our research. [6] Because of its low recoil forces and light construction, the gun was particularly useful for being mounted on armored cars or small gun carriages. Come say hi on Twitch. Lahti L-39 ATG anti tank rifle. [10] These difficulties resulted in new types of ammunition being issued, namely high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) and armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) projectiles. Conversion of British gun caliber "pounder" to millimeters? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Its 152mm gun could fire a massive anti-personnel shell, but it was vulnerable to even light anti-tank weapons and had little if no real protection against land mines. For Sale from Gary Malmquist | Positive feedback: 100% View ... complete armors kit with all the extra screws & springs, rare tow rope, rare gun cover, etc. The German Army developed a variety of medium caliber anti- tank guns Most countries still had anti-tank rifles in their military inventory at the beginning of WWII – the Solothurn S18-100, the Lahti L39, the Boys AT Rifle, the PTRD and PTRS, and so on. Designed: 1939. 1 History 2 Design Details 3 Gallery 4 Trivia 5 References The weapon was designed by Edwin Pugsleyduring World War I in 1918, with the patent having been awarded in early December of that year. [7] Soviet anti-tank guns in particular were exported to at least eighteen other countries after being retired from service and have continued to see action. [18] The trend continued with older tanks, which were available in large numbers for conversions to self-propelled guns when they were replaced by heavier and better-armed tanks. For Germany, this role was fulfilled by the Panzerbüchse 39, a single-shot falling block rifle firing a high velocity 8mm AP cartridge. 20mm Anti-Aircraft Machine Cannon Type 98 (1938) IJA ; 20mm Cannon Type 99 (1939) IJN; 25mm Anti-Aircraft Gun … Although under extremely heavy machine-gun fire he showed the greatest contempt of danger and continued to keep his anti-tank gun in action. Feel free to look around and get used to how things look in the meantime! [19] They were not without their own series of disadvantages, however, namely presenting a much larger target than a towed gun, the added responsibilities of vehicle maintenance and logistical support, and the limited spaces in which the crew had to operate and stow all their available ammunition. The M41 LAAG is the main weapon of the M12 Warthog LRV and the M312 "Elephant" HRV (although the Elephant's M41 has a slightly faster rate of fire). Other anti-tank rifles tried to get greater velocity with smaller calibers, like the German and Polish 7.92mm guns, or greater power with larger explosive shells, like the many 20mm and a monster Swiss 24mm gun. [17] However, as their size and caliber increased, the guns likewise became increasingly heavy and cumbersome, restricting their role to static defense. [5] Anti-tank guns remained ineffective against sloped armor, as demonstrated by an incident in 1941 when a single Soviet T-34 tank was hit more than 30 times by a battalion-sized contingent of German 37mm and 50mm anti-tank guns. 1 Towed anti-tank guns 2 Self-propelled anti-tank guns 3 References and citations 4 References Self-propelled anti-tank guns are anti-tank guns mounted on vehicles. Bundessprachenamt (Stand Januar 2001), page. Specifications Type: Anti-Tank Gun Designed: 1940 Manufacturer: Rheinmetall A.G. A .55 calibre anti-tank rifle may seem rather out of context on a website covering miniature calibre rifles, but there is method in our madness.. After all, our remit includes British rifles, with a particular representation of Enfield products, . Most anti-tank rifles were over 1.3m in length, however, and difficult for infantrymen to operate in the confines of their trenches. The trace element in the captured cartridges was found to be erratic. Two other 20 mm guns were advertised as suitable for the anti-tank role, although they were issued on more substantial mountings. This gun, which went into production in 1943, became the best anti-tank gun of the war. Your email address will not be published. The M41 works well for … The German anti tank gun is a 7.62mm caliber at around 1200m/s. [3] In order to penetrate armor they fired specialized ammunition from longer barrels to achieve a higher muzzle velocity than field guns. The US 75mm gun tank gun M2 and the later M3 were the standard American tank guns of the Second World War. Both guns are shorter than the 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56 of the Tiger I in their actual and caliber-related length, have a similar propellant and projectile mass ratio and should nevertheless have higher muzzle velocities. Henry Boys. "tank fist") is a German disposable anti-tank recoilless gun. But in the end, improvements in tank armor on the one hand, and Monroe Effect-based shaped charge weapons on the other, rendered them all obsolete. Specifications. An anti-tank gun is a form of artillery designed to destroy tanks and other armored fighting vehicles from a static defensive position. However, soon aft… The rifle fired an armor-piercing steel-cored bullet weighing 51.5 g at 780 m/s. Unlike anti-tank guns, their light weight made them easily portable by individual infantrymen on the battlefield, and they offered similar degrees of firepower whilst being quicker and cheaper to produce. [6] German forces subsequently fielded the 8 cm PAW 600, which was an extremely lightweight, low pressure weapon still able to fire the same ammunition types as higher velocity anti-tank guns. The gun was light, easy to maneuver on the battlefield, and fired both armor-piercing ammunition and a high-explosive shell. Completely destroy my BT-7 engine. An anti-tank gun is a form of artillery designed to destroy tanks and other armored fighting vehicles, normally from a static defensive position. A large amount of recoil is incurred by sustained fire, and this negatively impacts accuracy at long ranges. German anti-tank guns and tanks had limited quantities of HVAP ammunition available from the invasion of France through the end of the war for the 28/20 and 47/45 squeeze bore anti-tank guns, and for the standard 37mm Pak and tank guns, 50L42 tank guns, 50L60 tank and Pak 38 guns, 75L43 – L46 – L48 – L70 guns; and for the 88L56 and 88L71 Pak and tank guns. [17], The first self-propelled anti-tank guns were merely belated attempts to make use of obsolete tanks, such as the Panzerjäger I, which was a 4.7 cm Pak (t) mated to a Panzerkampfwagen I chassis. The M1 is an almost exact copy of the British six-pounder anti-tank gun. The 1930 model of the 37 mm 1-K became the first anti-tank gun in the Red Army and played a large role in the further development of this type of weapon. [2] Towed guns similar to the Pak 36 were the only anti-tank weapon issued to European armies during the 1930s, and a number of influential designs proliferated, such as the Böhler gun. This happens with large caliber guns such as the 85mm gun. Whilst the 3.7cm Pak 36 anti-tank gun had acquitted itself very well during the Spanish Civil War, it was thought that an upgraded version was needed in order to stay ahead of the gun-armor spiral. World War II British Anti-Tank Rifle The Anti-tank rifle used by the United Kingdom in WWII was the “Boys” 55 caliber bolt-action, magazine-fed anti-tank rifle. [3], Although a number of large caliber guns were developed during the war that were capable of knocking out the most heavily armored tanks, they proved expensive and difficult to conceal. and even equaling some bigger guns. 283, anti-tank ammunition. [17] Nevertheless, much like towed anti-tank guns, they were widely exported and were still in service with several armies in the late twentieth century.[16][12]. In war thunder you can hit transmission of tanks and the transmission basically “tanks” all the damage. 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